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Top > Services & Solutions > Optimization of Homecare > The house is a blackout of 52 hours.


現場適応性の高い強靭住環境 52時間の停電を快適に過ごしました。 停電中も電気製品が使用可



Our experience

療養住環境最適化 (在宅医療・在宅介護・高齢者施設)

Underwent a disaster

On the afternoon of September 4, 2018, typhoon 21 (Jebi) went on ashore to Kobe.

More than wind velocity 40m/s blew a gale.
Wind velocity 40m/s blows down a telephone pole.
Approximately 1,000 telephone poles collapsed in Kansai Electric Power (KEPCO).

More than 3 million blackouts occurred in Kansai Electric Power and Chubu Electric Power

A blackout occurred in Itami-shi, Hyogo with our base.
However, the life infrastructure was usable freely because we got ready for the disaster.
We were able to use an air-conditioner, a refrigerator, a washing machine, a hot water supply device, a lavatory.



療養住環境最適化 (在宅医療・在宅介護・高齢者施設)

Passive or Active

The wish cannot stand hurriedly after receiving a disaster.

The preparations for disasters are needed.

We have difficulty with a supply even if we request it after undergoing a disaster.

The storage that can act actively is important than we wait by passiveness.






Our actograph

療養住環境最適化 (在宅医療・在宅介護・高齢者施設)

Disaster development

On the afternoon of September 4, 2018, typhoon 21 (Jebi) went on ashore to Kobe.

Our blackout life began at about half past 13.
There was system malfunction of Kansai Electric Power and did not understand the correct information, but 1,000,000-2,000,000 houses seem to have been black out in these days.



療養住環境最適化 (在宅医療・在宅介護・高齢者施設)

Blackout scale ≠ Disaster scale

Electricity restored at about half past 17 on Thursday, September 6, 2018.
Approximately 2,190,000 totals were blackout then in Kansai Electric Power, and non-restoration (during a blackout) was approximately 234,000 houses.
The restoration rate was the 80% level.
(September 6 17:00 by KEPCO)

An earthquake occurred in Hokkaido at 3:08 a.m. on September 6.
In Hokkaido, 99% of blackouts restored 51 hours later.
That the blackout scale did not correlate with the scale of the primary disaster was exhibited.



Lack of supplies caused by a blackout

If there are many people to suffer from at the same time, the probability received a help and support lowers.

You had better seem to less expect too much support because a blackout is not a crisis of emergency life and assets.

The supermarket, the convenience store, the drugstore closed storewide this time.
The food and drink gets nothing in order that the vending machine terminates by a blackout.

Unlike the primary disaster such as an earthquake and the rainstorm snow, it is rare in the "2nd disaster" that a refuge is established.

There is not the refuge establishment this time either, and there are not emergency rations distribution and the distribution of boiled rice, too.

A big earthquake occurred accidentally this time in Hokkaido in morning of the third day, and the interest of the nation was turned to Hokkaido.
Because a communication bridge of Kansai Airport had played a key role speaking of the damage situation of Kansai, we became the quiet blackout life.

Cabinet Office: Disaster Management in Japan
MILT: Water and Disaster Management Bureau



療養住環境最適化 (在宅医療・在宅介護・高齢者施設)

Information poverty

Cable TV was cut off.
A useless picture was sent with the net television.
Because the radio program was a normal program, the broadcast of the disaster information was not sent.
The information of the blackout was poor.

Because a website of Kansai Electric Power fell, we waited only in poor information.

2 million blackouts were not reported all over Japan.
The support supplies hardly reached Kansai
When an earthquake of Hokkaido was reported before long, the Japanese citizen was interested in Hokkaido



療養住環境最適化 (在宅医療・在宅介護・高齢者施設)

Self-defense, siege.

We developed a self-defense plan and stayed in the home.

We prepared a flashlight and a candle by the first action stage.

We changed a PV system to domestic driving.
Because it was the middle of the typhoon, the quantity of photovoltaic power generation was a zero.

We began intelligence immediately, but we assumed the massive blackout and started preparations because information was not obtained from a net and a radio.

Because the gas and the water service were normal, we were able to maintain normal by securing of electricity.
The gas ring to use city gas for did not require a power supply.
The gas hot water supply device required a power supply.
Therefore, we would be impossible of bathing during a blackout.
However, we were able to take a bath because there was electricity.

There were the area residents who stayed days among cars.
It is cruel that an air-conditioner and a refrigerator are not usable on a day of more than 30 degrees Celsius.
It is terrible when we imagine it because it was intense heat of 40 degrees Celsius if it is midsummer.






詳細

療養住環境最適化 (在宅医療・在宅介護・高齢者施設)

Detailed report

We introduce below a summary.
AmpiTa shows a more detailed information.

AmpiTa:52hr blackout document



療養住環境最適化 (在宅医療・在宅介護・高齢者施設)

Home generator

We got ready for a generator in a heavy rain.
Portable generator "enepo"(HONDA) of the fuel is cassette gas.
We started an engine and installed a prolongation cable in a house.

The appliance to insert in the outlet including the refrigerator by this method is operated.
However, we are electricians.
We added an original process, and a hot water supply device and the ceiling illumination were usable, too.

The combination of air-conditioner and refrigerator was practicable with one home generator.

Because we were troubled when the washing machine terminated on the way, we terminated an air-conditioner at one time.
A hot water supply caliber is similar, too.



療養住環境最適化 (在宅医療・在宅介護・高齢者施設)

Even if the human can endure a diet, we cannot endure the excretion.

Our lavatory is automatic.
One tank-type lavatory is installed.
The automatic lavatory does not work after having been blackout.
It supplied water with a bucket.

Blackout support of the automatic irrigation lavatory [Movie]


自動洗浄トイレ(アラウーノ)停電時の使用方法ドライトイレ〜水を1滴も使わないトイレ〜



療養住環境最適化 (在宅医療・在宅介護・高齢者施設)

We do not narrow the choice of the eating.

We are not troubled with a diet if we can use a refrigerator.

Because a rice cooker was not usable with electricity shortage, we boiled the rice of the retort pack.
The importance of boiling hot water was understood.
The enamel pan cooking of LE CREUSET was useful, too.

When a ventilation fan is not usable, a fever and steam of the cooking deteriorate house environment and heighten a heat stroke risk.
Be careful.

A study is needed about the cooking method.



療養住環境最適化 (在宅医療・在宅介護・高齢者施設)

The television does not live. The video is a no particular.

We can watch a video if we can get a power supply.

It was a just good item for bored children.

The cause that television being trouble is not an indoor device.
There is a problem in a optical communication line.



療養住環境最適化 (在宅医療・在宅介護・高齢者施設)

Summary

We finally experienced a 52-hour blackout.

Storage and support simulation from usual times were helpful and spent three days without large confusion.

Loss of the electricity is extended to electric, water service, hot water supply, the lighting.

While we were blackout, we continued using the refrigerator.
When the refrigerator was medical equipment, we were able to use the medical equipment during a blackout.

If built-in battery of the medical equipment works for two hours, we have two hours to spare.
The preparations for home generator do not need it for 2 hours.

The patients are highly concerned with a blackout risk during respirator use.
The risk in this blackout is heat stroke of the healthy subjects.
In this summer when there were many dead people due to the thermic fever in Japan.
A call is hard to be connected during a blackout.
Because a signal stops, the arrival of the ambulance is late.

The storage reduces the risk of death.







A risk and hazard in the medical treatment

療養住環境最適化 (在宅医療・在宅介護・高齢者施設)

hour

When we use the medical equipment such as respirators, a risk level rises after a blackout in 2-3 hours.

The respirator works by built-in battery for around two hours, but does not work at all if it is cut off.

Built-in battery is not a thing having addition easily

The patients move to the safe place or an independent power supply is needed.



療養住環境最適化 (在宅医療・在宅介護・高齢者施設)

day

This typhoon occurred in summer more than 30 degrees Celsius.

As for the patients with thermic fever that the Metropolitan Fire Board transported, half fainted indoors.

Neither the air-conditioner nor the electric fan is usable when blackout.
A refrigerator and a vending machine stop, and the cold drink is not available.

The thermic fever is a large menace.




療養住環境最適化 (在宅医療・在宅介護・高齢者施設)

Emergency

An ambulance is not normal.

If a home (domestic) phone line is not usable, we cannot inform a fire department (119) and a family doctor.

Because a signal turns off the light, traffic confusion occurs.
Even the ambulance is prolonged at movement time.









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療養住環境最適化・強靭住環境

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